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Often referred to as the City of 100 Spires, Prague as the capital city of the Czech Republic has a chequered and fascinating history, which stretches all the way back to Europe’s Paleolithic era.
The foundation of Prague dates back to the Paleolithic Age. The city was founded by Princess Libuse and Premysl, her husband and founder of the Premysl Dynasty. This city became the seat of Kings of Bohemia and an important place for trading.
First settled permanently by a tribe of Celts called the Boii in 500 BC, Prague was founded upon a strategic and economically important trade route connecting northern and southern Europe. Made habitable by the winding of the Vltava river, Prague became the seat of numerous Bohemian Emperors and flourished especially during the middle ages.
Prague has turned into a popular tourist destination after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Since Prague was one of the few European cities comparatively untouched during the World Wars, most of its historic architecture has been preserved. Tourists flock to visit its ancient buildings and murals. A varied collection of architectural forms from Art Nouveau to Baroque, Renaissance, Cubist, Gothic, Neo-Classical, and ultra-modern can be seen.
For visitors interested in more contemporary history, the past can often be seen to complement the present in the form of Prague’s booming café culture. In a similar respect, the city is home to a number of monuments commemorating recent historical events such as the holocaust and pre-1989 annexation to the USSR.
Given Prague’s rich history, the city today is famed for its Romanesque chapels, Gothic Cathedrals and spectacularly well-preserved Art Nouveau architecture. In like regard, Prague has historically always been a home to a significant Jewish community. This being the case, while visitors today explore medieval marvels such as the Charles Bridge, old marketplace and Astronomical Clock, they can also marvel at some of Europe’s oldest Synagogues, cemeteries and historic gardens.
Are you looking for spectacular panoramas and a city which breathes both living history and a distinct air of cosmopolitism? With a just as rich beer culture and even the title of Europe’s most haunted city, Prague literally has something for everyone. The only question is, where do you want to start your Bohemian adventure into one of Europe’s most atmospheric cities? By wandering around the shuttered wine cellars of the city’s old town? Or by taking a steamboat cruise up and down the course of one of Europe’s most scenic riverways?
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Copyright: © 2017, Jakub Zilincan, prague-czechia.eu
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